Women health is a serious concern in present time. The haphazard life schedule invites many diseases, especially in women. Ovarian cyst or which is also called as Polycystic Ovary Syndrome or simply PCOS is a very common hormonal disorder found in every one out of three females. The female reproductive system consists of two ovaries that are located in the lower abdomen on both sides of the uterus. These ovaries are responsible for producing eggs and female reproductive hormones like estrogen and progesterone. A fluid or fluid like sac, sometimes develop in one of the ovaries which is called as the cyst. This is a common hormonal disorder that many women face at least once in their life. In most of the cases, it is painless and symptom-less as well.
Symptoms of Ovarian Cyst
It is very much necessary to spot the symptoms of ovarian cyst in the early time because once it is late; it can be converted into ovarian cancer as well. If you or any woman close to you is experiencing any of the below-mentioned problems then it may be a sign of ovarian cyst.
- Painful bowel movements
- Pain in the lower back or thighs
- Nausea and vomiting
- Pelvic pain before or during the menstrual cycle
- Painful intercourse
- Breast tenderness
- Abdominal bloating or swelling
- Irregular Menstrual Cycle
Other than these signs, there are few severe symptoms of the ovarian cyst as well that need to be treated immediately. The signs are mentioned below.
- Rapid breathing
- Faintness or dizziness
- Severe or sharp pelvic pain
Complications of Ovarian Cyst
Most ovarian cysts are benign in nature and go away without treatment. But in a rare case one can also get detected with cancerous cystic ovarian mass. Irregular or no periods is another big complication that emerges from cyst as it blocks the pathways for production of the female reproductive hormone.
Diagnosing Ovarian Cyst
A routine pelvic examine is the best method adopted by the doctors to detect cyst. Swelling in one of the ovaries during ultrasound is also the sign of development of the cyst. The test helps in determining the size, location, shape, and composition (solid or fluid filled) of a cyst. As in most of the cases, cyst goes away by itself, hence doctor do not give medication for it. They repeat the ultrasound after a time to see if the cyst has vanished or not. In case it still remains there with an increase in its size then doctors suggests for additional tests like:
- Pregnancy Test: To confirm there is no pregnancy
- Hormone Level Test: To check for hormone-related issues, such as too much estrogen or progesterone
- CA-125 Blood Test: To Screen for Ovarian Cancer
Treatment for Ovarian Cyst
Till the time there is no permanent remedy to treat the cyst completely. Doctors are still dependent on the old methods or treatment like:
- Birth Control Pills: In case there is a reoccurrence of ovarian cyst then the doctor may recommend taking birth control pills to control the hormone development in the Oral contraceptives can also reduce your risk of ovarian cancer.
- Laparoscopy: In case the cyst is small then the doctor can remove it from the surgical method which is laparoscopy.
Prevention from Ovarian Cyst
The very bad thing about ovarian cyst is that it cannot be prevented. However, if you undergo routine gynecologic examination then you can be detected of the disease at the early stage. The best way to fight with ovarian cysts and problems like this is to check out the symptoms of cysts seriously and contact doctor in case you find something suspicious. Here are few of the important signs that may tell you if you are suffering from an ovarian cyst.
- Changes in your menstrual cycle
- Ongoing pelvic pain
- Loss of appetite
- Unexplained weight loss
- Abdominal fullness
Prevention is always better than cure and you need to implement the same for cyst and its detection. Live a healthy life, follow a good routine, exercise daily, have healthy food, drink adequate water and don’t take irrelevant stress, these are few of the things that will keep cyst at a bay from you.